RJ45 Interface: Concept, Color Codes, and Cable Types Discussed
RJ45 is one of the popular Ethernet interfaces where RJ stands for registered jack. A registered jack (RJ) is basically a standardized telecommunication network interface. There are multiple types of registered jack (RJ) interfaces such as RJ45, RJ11, RJ14, RJ25, RJ45, etc. However, the RJ45 interface enables connection to local exchange carriers or long-distance carriers for voice and data transmission. In wired communication, the RJ45 interface is of great significance. It is most applicable in wired twisted-pair connections. There are different devices available that are compliant with the RJ45 jack interface such as RJ45 cables, switches with Rj45 connectors, etc. However, before utilizing or integrating these devices in your Ethernet network, it is essential to understand the RJ45 interface properly. This post offers insights into the RJ45 interface, its importance in Ethernet connections, and its related devices.
An Overview of RJ45 Interface
In this interface, the number 45 shows the interface standard under standardized telecommunication network standards. RJ and 45 collectively form RJ45 which indicates a type of connector jack that is commonly used in Ethernet networks with twisted-pair connections. The RJ45 jack connector looks similar to the telephone cable connector but it is slightly wider. It features 8 pins to connect 8 separate cables or wires. All 8 wires signify 8-position, 8-contact (8P8C) with modular plugs and jacks integration. Out of the 8 pins, 4 pins act as data transmitters and the other 4 pins act as the receivers of the data.
The RJ45 interface is integrated with the network switches
for the Ethernet networks. The switches with RJ45 connectors are found suitable for almost any involving Ethernet connectivity. The RJ45 jacks and switches with RJ45 jacks are most commonly used in telecommunication, industry automation, data center connection, etc.
RJ45 Color Code
The 8 wires of the RJ45 jack are color-coded with 8 colors out of which 4 are solid colors and 4 are tripped. The wires are categorized in two different versions, one is T-568A and T-568B.
The RJ45 color codes according to T-568A and T-568B standards are listed below.
White/Green- Stripped (Receiver +) White/Orange- Stripped (Transmitter +) Green (Receiver -) Orange (Transmitter -) White/Orange- Stripped (Transmitter +) White/Green- Stripped (Receiver +) Blue Blue White/Blue-Stripped White/Blue- Stripped Orange (Transmitter -) Green (Receiver -) White/Brown- Stripped White/Brown- Stripped Brown Brown
RJ45 Cables Types
The RJ45 cables are utilized in various Ethernet networks. However, the switches with RJ45 connectors demand different cable capabilities. The RJ45 cables are therefore categorized in the following categories.
Category 5 (Cat5): The category 5 or cat5 RJ45 cables feature two twisted-pair cables that enable a maximum of 100 meters of transmission. These cables are ideally used for transmission of 100MHz frequency at the speed of 100Mbits per second. The advanced or upgraded version of cat5 cables is available called cat5e which uses 4 twisted pair cables. This version of cat5 cables is capable of transmitting data at gigabit frequencies over a short transmission distance.
Category 6 (Cat6): This category of RJ45 cables features improved shielding and stringent transmission standards. These cables offer 1000Mbit per second transmission at a transmission frequency of 250MHz. The upgraded version Cat6a offer 500MHz of transmission frequency.
Category 7 (Cat7): The Cat7 cables are designed for 600MHz transmission frequency in 10 Gigabit Ethernet networks. These cables feature hardwired construction. An upgraded version of these cables, Cat7a offers 100MHz of transmission for 40/100-gigabit transmission speeds.
Now that the RJ45 interface is discussed thoroughly, the RJ45 cables and switches with RJ45 jacks can be used effectively in the Ethernet networks
. However, the quality of RJ45 jacks and cables, and switches must be assured to get efficient and reliable performance. That is why you must source this equipment from the trusted suppliers like VERSITRON. The company offers MSA-compliant communication and data transmission devices of high quality and assured performance efficiency.
R.W. Tull is the President of Versitron Inc. He works closely with clients to review layout diagrams and drawings in order to ensure that the best fiber optic solution is achieved for a particular project.