10 Gigabit Ethernet- Types and Cable Compatibility

Ethernet is a technology that is used to connect various computers in a LAN, MAN, or WAN. It was first introduced in 1980 as compliant to IEEE 802.3-1983 standards. Ever since the commercial introduction of Ethernet, it has evolved in many ways. The parameters have changed according to the industrial requirements of data transfer and speed. One of the fastest types of Ethernet is Gigabit Ethernet. Amongst several types of gigabit Ethernet, 10 gigabit Ethernet is considered to be the fastest network for gigabit data transmission. However, it comes with requisites of compatible fiber for gigabit-speed data transmission. This post discusses several types of 10 Gigabit Ethernet along with the compatible fiber cables for the same.

10 gigabit ethernet

An Overview of 10 Gigabit Ethernet

10 Gigabit Ethernet is an electronic data transmission technology that enables data transfer at a speed of 10 billion bits per second. It is also abbreviated as 10GbE, 10GE, and 10GigE. It was introduced in the year 2002 under standard IEEE 802.ae. It features full-duplex data transmission at the single or multimode fiber. For moderate distance and data transmission rate, the frequency it offers is over 0.85µ to 1.5µ frequency.

Different Types of 10 Gigabit Ethernet and Their Compatible Fibers/Cables

Depending on various data frequency and transmission distance requirements, 10 gigabit Ethernet is distinguished into the following types.
  • 10GBase -SR: It is a 10 gigabit Ethernet that is defined by IEEE 802.3ae standards. In this type, fiber optic cables are used as data transmission media. It offers multimode transmission at a rate of 0.85µ. The transmission distance suitable for 10GBase-SR is up to 300 meters. 
  • 10GBase-LR: This type of 10 gigabit Ethernet, which is also covered by IEEE 802.3ae standards. The transmission media is fiber optic cable whereas it is suitable for single-mode transmission distance up to 10km at a frequency of 1.3µ.
  • 10GBase-ER: This type of gigabit Ethernet is also defined by IEEE 802.3ae standards and uses fiber-optic cable as transmission media. It transmits data via a single-mode transmission protocol at a frequency of 1.5µ. The maximum data transmission rate here is 40 km.
  • 10GBase-CX4: This type of 10 gigabit Ethernet is introduced under IEEE 802.3ak standards. The transmission media in this type is twin axial cables. This network may require integrations like gigabit media converters. It uses an 8B/10B coding protocol to transmit data up to 15 meters. It is used for short-distance transmission like interoffice data transmission at moderate speed.
  • 10GBase-T: This type of Ethernet is introduced under IEEE 802.3an standards. It uses unshielded twisted pair cables. As 4 pairs of cables are used here, transmission connectors, network data amplifiers are required in this type of Ethernet. It operates on a low-density parity-check code protocol to transmit up to 100 meters of distance.
Since 10 gigabit Ethernet is only compatible with a specific type of 10g ethernet cables, it is important to choose fibers or cables accordingly. However, the 10 Gigabit Ethernet connection over fiber optics or copper cables, may require gigabit media converters, gigabit support, fiber optic managed switch, etc
However, in order to achieve quality data transmission over 10 gigabit Ethernet, you must utilize quality products. The quality of cables, fiber optic media converters, switches, etc can impact the overall transmission process. Therefore, you should highly consider sourcing these products from a trusted supplier like VERSITRON.  Since 1958, the company has been providing fiber optic technology products. These products are used in various military, government, and commercial applications, and are used in various critical applications across the world.

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