Which fiber optic cable type should we use for installation?

The fiber optic cable type you choose would largely depend on your application requirements, such as if you require outdoor or indoor connections. Here are a few pointers.

  • Certain cables are meant for outdoor applications, and are designed to withstand harsh conditions and temperature changes. They have a loose tube, gel filled construction with an outer armor or insulating jacket. This reduces the risk of damage due to rodents, snow, heat, and so on.
  • Indoor cables should be essentially installed in dry locations, in plenum and riser spaces.
  • There are certain types of cables which can be used indoors as well as outdoors. Such cables, in case of outdoor installations, are not suitable for locations with extreme temperatures. However, they can be used underground. These cables in case of indoor installations can run at huge straight lengths but not in plenum or riser spaces with too many bends. They come with a UV resistant jacket for insulation.
  • For very heavy industrial engineering or mission critical applications, interlocking armor cables are used. They can be used in outdoor, outdoor, and underground locations. For this type, you need not install a conduit.
  • Outdoor aerial cables come with a messenger made of steel which has a high tensile strength. These cables can cover long distances from one pole to the other or pole to a building.